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Luyện nghe IELTS Listening chủ đề Animal – rút từ vựng chi tiết

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Topic: Animal (1)

Track 1

The meerkat is found (1) ………………………… on the semi-arid plains of southern Africa. In terms of its natural environment, the meerkat avoids (2) ………………………… and dense vegetation. At night, the meerkat retires to a network of burrows, which it digs with its (3) ………………………… forelegs. If rocky ground makes this impossible, the meerkat will make its den in the crevices between the rocks. Meerkats feed mainly on (4) …………………………, spiders and snails, but their diet occasionally includes small rodents, lizards and the (5) ………………………… of certain plants. They will even tackle dangerous prey such as scorpions and snakes its keen sense of (6) …………………………, the meerkat is a successful forager.

Track 2

Speaker 1: I think it’s absolutely (1) ………………………… the way we treat animals sometimes, especially when it’s done for research purposes. I find the images of caged animals being forced to (2) ……………………….. quite distressing. And it’s even more outrageous when all this research is done for (3) ………………………… . It’s not a subject that I can be (4) ………………………… about, I’m afraid, and I think it’s absolutely essential we find a different way of doing this type of research.

Speaker 2: I honestly think we should do a lot more because I think it’s (5) ………………………… we try to reduce the number of animals that are (6) ………………………… . It’s something I feel very strongly about. I think it’s (7) ………………………… to carry on causing environmental damage that makes animals suffer. One of the things we need to do is stop developments that will affect the habitat of (8) …………………………. . I think it’s totally appropriate to do that even if it does mean a company might (9) ………………………….

Speaker 3: I haven’t really thought much about it, to be honest. I’m pretty (10) ………………………… when it comes to animals. I’m not a (11) ………………………… so I think it would be hypocritical of me to insist on rights for animals. I know there are plenty of people who find all of that pretty (12) ………………………… . But I think it’s perfectly acceptable to keep chickens in cages to provide us with eggs, though a friend of mine thinks it’s (13) …………………………

ANSWER TRACK 1

1. exclusively

2. woodland

3. powerful

4. insects

5. roots

6. smell

ANSWER TRACK 2

  1. horrifying 
  2. smoke
  3. cosmetics
  4. objective
  5. vital
  6. endangered
  7. irresponsible
  8. wild animals
  9. make a loss 
  10. impartial 
  11. vegetarian 
  12. upsetting
  13. appalling

TỪ VỰNG HAY CHỦ ĐỀ ANIMAL

meerkat
(n) cầy vằn, chồn đất Châu Phi
a small southern African animal with a long tail, which often stands up on its back legs.
exclusively
~ only
(adv): duy nhất
for only one particular person, group or use
Ex: The range of make-up is available exclusively at our stores.
semi-arid(adj) nửa khô hạn
a semi-arid area or climate (= general type of weather) has little rain but is not completely dry
Ex: The semi-arid climate in the study area has low, highly variable rainfall, distributed in two rainy seasons.
plain(n) đồng bằng
a large area of flat land
Ex: Millions of buffalo used to roam freely across the Great Plains.
woodland(n) vùng rừng
an area of land that is covered with trees
Ex: These ancient woodlands are under threat from new road developments.
dense(adj) dày đặc, rậm rạp
containing a lot of people, things, plants, etc. with little space between them
Ex: a dense crowd/forest
Ex: They had to clear a road through an area of dense forest.
vegetation(n) thực vật, cây cối nói chung
plants in general, especially the plants that are found in a particular area or environment
Ex: The hills are covered in lush green vegetation.
retire to s.th(v) lui về (một nơi nào kín đáo…)
to leave a place, especially to go somewhere quieter or more private
Ex: After dinner he likes to retire to his study.
burrow(n) hang (cầy, thỏ)
a hole or tunnel in the ground made by animals such as rabbits for them to live in
Ex: Squirrels were captured, by chasing them from their burrows.
foreleg(n) chân trước (của thú vật)
either of the two front legs of an animal that has four legs
Ex: The animal was in a nervous state and bleeding from both forelegs.
den(n) hang thú
the hidden home of some types of wild animal
Ex: a bear’s/lion’s den
crevice(n) đường nứt, kẽ hở (tường, núi đá)
a small, narrow crack or space, especially in the surface of rock
Ex: Most of the year the insects are hidden in rock crevices.
rodent(động vật học) loài gặm nhấm
any small animal that belongs to a group of animals with strong sharp front teeth. Mice, rats and squirrels are all rodents.
lizard(n) thằn lằn
a reptile with a long body and tail, four short legs and a rough skin. There are many different types of lizard.
tackle(v) xử lí
to make a determined effort to deal with a difficult problem or situation
Ex: Firefighters tackled a blaze in a garage last night.
prey(n) con mồi
an animal, a bird, etc. that is hunted, killed and eaten by another
Ex: The lion will often stalk its prey for hours.
scorpion(n) bọ cạp
a small creature like an insect with eight legs, two front claws (= curved and pointed arms) and a long tail that curves over its back and can give a poisonous sting. Scorpions live in hot countries.
Ex: Being stung by a scorpion is extremely dangerous.
forager(n) loài kiếm ăn, kẻ cướp phá
a person or animal that goes from place to place searching for things that they can eat or use
Ex: Animals are very selective foragers.
horrifying
~ horrific
(adj) khủng khiếp, kinh hoàng
making you feel extremely shocked or frightened
Ex: It was a horrifying experience.
cage(n) chuồng thú
a structure made of metal bars or wire in which animals or birds are kept
Ex: I don’t like seeing animals in cages.
distressing(adj) đau buồn, đau đớn
making you feel extremely upset, especially because somebody is suffering
Ex: It was a very distressing documentary.
outrageous(adj) tàn bạo, vô nhân đạo
shocking and morally unacceptable
Ex: It is outrageous that these buildings remain empty while thousands of people have no homes.
cosmetic(n) mỹ phẩm
a substance that you put on your face or body to make it more attractive
Ex: the cosmetics industry
objective
= unbiased
(adj) khách quan
not influenced by personal feelings or opinions; considering only facts
Ex: He doesn’t even pretend to be impartial and objective.
essential
= vital
(adj) quan trọng
completely necessary; extremely important in a particular situation or for a particular activity
Ex: The local government is not able to provide essential services such as gas, water and electricity.
Ex: Reading is of vital importance in language learning.
endangered(adj) bị đe doạ, có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng (động vật)
(used especially about groups of animals, plants, etc.) at risk of no longer existing
Ex: The sea turtle is an endangered species.
irresponsible(adj) thiếu trách nhiệm
(of a person) not thinking enough about the effects of what they do; not showing a feeling of responsibility
Ex: It would be irresponsible to ignore the situation.
environmental(adj) môi trường
connected with the natural conditions in which people, animals and plants live; connected with the environment
Ex: Their main objective is to promote environmental protection.
damage(n) sự tổn hại, tổn thương
physical harm caused to something which makes it less attractive, useful or valuable
Ex: She suffered minor brain damage at birth.
suffer(v) chịu đựng
to be badly affected by a disease, pain, sad feelings, a lack of something, etc.
Ex: suffer from something to suffer from a disorder/a disease/an illness/a condition
development(n) sự phát triển
the steady growth of something so that it becomes more advanced, stronger, etc.
Ex: The company can offer a number of opportunities for career development.
habitat(n) môi trường sống (của cây cối động vật)
the place where a particular type of animal or plant is normally found
Ex: The panda’s natural habitat is the bamboo forest.
appropriate(adj) thích hợp, phù hợp
suitable, acceptable or correct for the particular circumstances
Ex: This may be an appropriate treatment for many patients.
make a lossthua lỗ
Ex: If you cut large sizes you may make a loss.
impartial(adj) trung lập
not supporting one person or group more than another
Ex: As chairman, I must remain impartial.
vegetarian(n) người ăn chay
a person who does not eat meat or fish
Ex: They are strict vegetarians.
hypocritical(adj) đạo đức giả
behaving in a way that does not meet the moral standards or match the opinions that you claim to have
Ex: It would be hypocritical of me to have a church wedding when I don’t believe in God.
insist(v) nài nỉ 
to demand that something happen or that somebody agree to do something
Ex: She insisted on him wearing a suit.
upsetting(adj) khó chịu, bực bội
making you feel unhappy, anxious or annoyed
Ex: I could see that it had been an upsetting experience for him.
acceptable(adj) chấp nhận được
agreed or approved of by most people in a society
Ex: Children must learn socially acceptable behaviour.
appalling(adj) kinh khủng, kinh hãi
extremely bad, especially from a moral point of view
Ex: The prisoners were living in appalling conditions.

TRANSCRIPT

Track 1

The meerkat is found exclusively on the semi-arid plains of southern Africa. In terms of its natural environment, the meerkat avoids woodland and dense vegetation.
At night, the meerkat retires to a network of burrows, which it digs with its powerful forelegs. If rocky ground makes this impossible, the meerkat will make its den in the crevices between the rocks.
Meerkats feed mainly on insects, spiders and snails, but their diet occasionally includes small rodents, lizards and the roots of certain plants.
They will even tackle dangerous prey such as scorpions and snakes. Relying on its keen sense of smell, the meerkat is a successful forager.
Chồn đất châu Phi chỉ được tìm thấy trên các vùng đồng bằng bán khô hạn của miền nam châu Phi. Về môi trường tự nhiên, chồn đất tránh rừng và cây cối rậm rạp.
Vào ban đêm, chồn đất lui về một mạng lưới các hang, chúng đào bằng các chân trước mạnh mẽ của mình. Nếu nền đất đá khiến điều này không thể thực hiện được, chồn đất sẽ tạo hang của nó trong các kẽ hở giữa các tảng đá. Chồn đất chủ yếu ăn côn trùng, nhện và ốc sên, nhưng chế độ ăn của chúng đôi khi bao gồm các loài gặm nhấm nhỏ, thằn lằn và rễ của một số loại cây nhất định. Chúng thậm chí sẽ xử lý những con mồi nguy hiểm như bọ cạp và rắn. Dựa vào khứu giác nhạy bén, chồn đất là một loài kiếm ăn thành công.

Track 2

Speaker 1: I think it’s absolutely horrifying the way we treat animals sometimes, especially when it’s done for research purposes.
I find the images of caged animals being forced to smoke quite distressing.
And it’s even more outrageous when all this research is done for cosmetics. It’s not a subject that I can be objective about, I’m afraid, and I think it’s absolutely essential we find a different way of doing this type of research.
Diễn giả 1: Tôi nghĩ rằng cách chúng ta đối xử với động vật đôi khi thực sự kinh hoàng, đặc biệt là khi nó được thực hiện cho mục đích nghiên cứu. Tôi thấy hình ảnh những con vật trong lồng bị buộc phải hút thuốc khá xót xa. Và nó thậm chí còn kinh khủng hơn khi tất cả các nghiên cứu này được thực hiện cho mỹ phẩm. Tôi e rằng đó không phải là một chủ đề mà tôi có thể khách quan về nó, và tôi nghĩ rằng điều vô cùng cần thiết là chúng ta phải tìm ra một cách khác để thực hiện loại hình nghiên cứu này.
Speaker 2: I honestly think we should do a lot more because I think it’s vital we try to reduce the number of animals that are endangered.
It’s something I feel very strongly about.
I think it’s irresponsible to carry on causing environmental damage that makes animals suffer.
One of the things we need
to do is stop developments that will affect the habitat of wild animals.
I think it’s totally appropriate to do that even if it does mean a company might make a loss.
Diễn giả 2: Thành thật mà nói, tôi nghĩ rằng chúng ta nên làm nhiều hơn nữa vì tôi nghĩ rằng điều quan trọng là chúng ta cố gắng giảm số lượng động vật đang bị đe dọa. Đó là điều mà tôi cảm thấy rất mạnh mẽ. Tôi nghĩ thật vô trách nhiệm khi tiếp tục gây ra những tổn hại đến môi trường khiến động vật phải gánh chịu hậu quả. Một trong những điều chúng ta cần làm là ngăn chặn những diễn biến sẽ ảnh hưởng đến môi trường sống của các loài động vật hoang dã. Tôi nghĩ rằng hoàn toàn phù hợp để làm điều đó ngay cả khi điều đó có nghĩa là một công ty có thể thua lỗ.
Speaker 3: I haven’t really thought much about it, to be honest. I’m pretty impartial when it comes to animals. I’m not a vegetarian so I think it would be
hypocritical of me to insist on rights for animals.
I know there are plenty of people who find all of that pretty upsetting.
But I think it’s perfectly acceptable to keep chickens in cages to provide us with eggs, though a friend of mine thinks it’s appalling.
Diễn giả 3: Thành thật mà nói, tôi chưa thực sự nghĩ nhiều về nó. Tôi khá vô tư khi nói đến động vật. Tôi không phải là người ăn chay nên tôi nghĩ việc đòi quyền lợi cho động vật sẽ là đạo đức giả đối với tôi. Tôi biết có rất nhiều người thấy tất cả những điều đó khá khó chịu. Nhưng tôi nghĩ hoàn toàn có thể chấp nhận được việc nhốt gà trong lồng để cung cấp trứng cho chúng ta, mặc dù một người bạn của tôi cho rằng điều đó thật kinh khủng.

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